GRIQUALAND WEST

GRIQUALAND WEST

} The Griquas is a group of mixed descendant whose origin could be traced back to the 17th century. Intermarriages took place between the Dutch and certain Khoikhoi groupings at the Cape. During the last part of the 17 th  century an increasing number of colonial farmers force indigenous groups to leave their traditional area round the Cape Peninsula.
} He lead the Griqua , originally called Bastards, and other  
} Adam Kok 1 was born in the year 1710. Both his parents died during the smallpox epidemic of 1713. His aunt and uncle raised him in the Piquetberg district. He was actually born in the tribe of Gxobona . He was called Adam Eta. His aunt who had taken care of him, left him later in the care of a slave, and moved along with the other Hottentots on their hunting trips. He became later the slave of Jacobus Hollander.
} When Adam Eta ( Kok 1) reached the age of twenty five, his master Jacobus Hollander went to see the Governor of the Cape for a piece of land. The Governor  Jan De La Fontaine  took Adam Eta as a cook in exchange for the piece of land. Thus he became Adam Kok .
} Cape Town received a new Governor,  Hendrik Swellengrebel , and he came with his own cook, Adam Kok 1 was then locked up in the castle as a prisoner. When Governor  Willem Van der Stel  took over he set Adam Kok 1 free, with the following compensation: a wagon, guns, gunpowder, ten oxen and a house at Bushman Kloof .
} Adam Kok 1 moved eastwards from Piquetberg , met Chief Koos Kleinman ( Koopman ). He told Adam Kok 1 how the settlers killed his wife. The old man appointed Adam Kok 1 as Chief in his place and died shortly afterwards. Adam Kok 1 moved from Voorberg today known as Porterville to Bushmen’s Kloof , in the year 1743. He married Donna, daughter of Chief Simon of the Ghariguriqua . The Goverment  of the Cape acknowledged Adam Kok 1 chieftancy and gave him the mace (staff of office) as kapityn (meaning: King). Bushmen’s Kloof became Kapteinskloof .

Cornelius
Kok 1(the eldest son of Adam Kok 1) was born in 1746, under whose auspices the nomadic fever and love for hunting grew dramatically. Adam Kok 1 asked for grazing rights at Stinkfontein east from Helpmekaar ( the farm of Andries Venter). They later moved over the Knersvlakte and then to Kammieskroon and settled hemself at Pella.

Cornelius
Kok 1 went on hunting spree, and came across a place with fountains, and called it Klaarwater . His son in law, Barend Barends was settled at Boetsap ( Danielskuil ). Adam Kok I was an old man and died in 1795 at Pella. His son Cornelius Kok 1 ascended the throne. Cornelius Kok 1 eldest son Adam Kok ii (who was called Dam Kok ) settled at Klaarwater where he met up with two missionaries John Campbell and Anderson in 1813. Cornelius ii the younger son resided at Knoffelvalley . The Kok clan were known bastards, and Anderson ( the missionary) said " it did not sound nice on the tongue, let’s called your people Griqua ", Klaarwater  became 
MAP

FREE STATE

} Cornelius Kok I was again on a hunting spree and, like his father, they shot bushbuck. Then they found a young bushman boy. The missionary Anderson, asked them to raise this young bushman and teach him English and Dutch. He was called  Andries Waterboer . Later the missionaries were not happy with Adam Kok II style of ruling. By means of provocation, instigation and inciting they turned the nation against him.

In 1824 Adam
Kok ii left Griquatown and went to Bucklands , where he met up with Rev.Phillip.They left for Phillapolis . The youngest son Cornelius Kok iii died at a young age in 1834 and was buried at Phillipolis .
}  
} Cornelius Kok ii (brother of Dam or Adam Kok ii, the sons of Cornelius Kok 1) was settled at Knoffelvalley which became later Campbell, named after Rev.John Campbell. Cornelius Kok ii had three sons, Abraham, Jan and Karel .

Cornelius
Kok I became old, he handed over the family staff to his son Cornelius ii at Campbell. The clan of Cornelius Kok ii  consisted Griqua , Korana’s, bergenaars and bushman’s. Adam Kok ii died on his way back from Cape Town. He was buried at Phillipolis . His elder son Abraham Kok ii (who was married with Magrieta ) took over. Abraham Kok ii had three daugthers , one the wife of Niklaas Waterboer , the other the wife of Jan Pienaar and the other the wife of Jan Jood . Abraham Kok ii had a son, Willem (Toll).
 
After the war against
Mzilikazi Abraham Kok ii and his brother Adam Kok iii had a fight. Abraham Kok ii moved with his children to uncle Cornelius Kok ii at Campbell , who still had the family staff. 

Adam
Kok iii moved across the Drakensberg mountains to No-man's- land, later called Griqualand East. Here he died under mysterious circumstances and the colonial government of the day said it was an accident.
Adam Eta
Kok son of Adam Aap , was the provincial Kapityn (called onder Kapityn ). At the funeral of the late Adam Kok iii, Adam Eta Kok said "take a good look, because here lay the last coloured King". When Adam Johannes " Muis Kok advocacy for the chieftancy , he was killed by the British Goverment , the Cape Colonial annexed Griqualand East. Magrieta ( Magareth ) Kok  died the 10th May 1889.
   

}  
MAP UNDER Kaptein Johannes Kraalshoek

EAST GRIQUALAND

} Griqualand West is the  SovereignState  and the kingdom of the Griqua people’s.
 
There were no treaties signed between the
Kok Dynasty and the Governor or High Commissioner of the Griqualand West or East borders or any other colonial or other powers.

The
Kok followers are more than 50 000 in Griqualand west. Magrieta Kok died the 10 th May  1889 alone without handing over the staff of Adam Kok iii to anyone, because Adam Eta Kok decline his provincial leadership, his son Adam Johannes “ Muis Kok  contested the position but was killed. Van der Westhuizen became the provincial Kapityn . The leadership was never handed down to any other family.

The
Kok families around the different provinces drafted some resolutions to effect in support to this. 
} GRIQUALAND WEST: TERRITORIES OF THE KOK DYNASTY
} The territories which Cornelius Kok I declared as Griqualand West, were from Khies , Andriesfontein , Koning , Hebron, David’s grave, Ramah, Hope town up to  Prieska .
}  
} The Kok dynasty had ruled this territory with assistance, which they called ‘’ onder Kapityn ’’( assistant Captain). This area was inhabited by the Griqua and Bergenaars since 1793 up to the annexation of Griqualand west to Cape colony in 1871.By 1878 the Griqua realized that the annexation resulted in the loss of their land. The Griqua were diempowered and they no longer could survive on hunting.

The
Griqua who still held on their land were forcefully removed and had to seek refuge on the rich diamond fields of Griqualand West, the birth place of the Griqua .
 
The
Griqua was then westernize, detribalized and assimilated, because of fragmentation on 31 st October 1871. Niklaas (Nicholas)  Waterboer requested for annexation in fear for Abraham Kok . Great Britain declared this territory (with its rich diamond deposits) as Crown Colony
Nic
holas Waterboer I was cruel just as his father Andries Waterboer. He tried on several attempts to declared the Head of the Kok family null avoid. After the death of Cornelius Kok II, he threaten Abraham Kok, the eldest son of Adam Kok II, to make an affidavit that Cornelius Kok II has sign his authority over to Adam Kok III. He put him in custody at Delportshoop and threaten to hang him, he make the affidavit by Waterboer secretary, but soon after his released he made another affidavit and said that Waterboer threaten to hang him, but Cornelius Kok II, head of the Kok family never handed over his authority to Adam Kok III.
 

LANDOWNERSHIP RIGHTS

     LANDOWNERSHIP RIGHTS

  1. REI VINDICATIO

 ‘Things again of which the owner lost possession by theft, or possession of which was gained by violence cannot be acquired by usucapion, even by a person who has possessed them in good faith for the specific period; for stolen things are declared incapable usucapion by the statute of the twelve tables and by the Lex Juliet et Plautia …the statement that things stolen or violently possessed cannot be statute, be acquired by usucapion …namely the fact that there possession is not in good faith …” The Institute of Justinian .

The modern day courts take the matter further in a number of ground breaking pronouncement regard to land, the emphasis being possession at the time of expropriation.

See Mehlape v Minister if Safety and Security 1996 (4) SA 133 (w)

 

        MANDAMENT VAN SPOLIE

 

The Native Land Act of 1913 is allegedly based on an internationally vilified law declared as “a crime against humanity”. Here from the Group Area Act of 1960

This was viciously applied on the indigenous people of South Africa. It follows there from that in our opinion the Restitution Act of 1994 could be flawed. Our reasons are that prior to 1913 the indigenous people of South Africa had received landowner rights through customary law by the British from as early as 1881.

We furthermore aver that by rewriting a law based on the origins of land dispossession, goes against the spirit of the letter which is enshrined under the Constitution of New Democracy. We believe that this position shall remain flawed forever because of two pillars; rightful ownership; violent removal in whatever form.

Ownership cannot be replaced where there is any form of violence or unlawfulness to dispossess a rightful owner.

Here from the doctrine of Amendment van Spolie which constitutes rightful possession and control? We have a right to be heard.

“Audi Alterem Partem” see Farjas (Pty) Ltd and another vs. Regional Land Claims Commissioner Kwa Zulu Natal 1998 (2) SA 900 (L.C.C.)

Possession therefore is the rightful possession of movable or immovable property.

See Stocks Housing (Cape) Pty Ltd v Chief Executive Director, Department of Education and Culture Services and others 1996 (4) SA 231 (c)

 

Finally, the founding of the House of Traditional Leaders in the Western Cape is not a new phenomenon needing exhaustive debate and process. It is the reclaiming of our customary, traditional rights in terms of revitalizing a long oppressed and denigrated succession right of land ownership and self governance.

 

“Indigenous People, in particular those divided by international boarders has the right to maintain and developed contacts, relations and co-operation, including activities for spiritual, cultural, political, economic and social purposes with their own members as well as other people across the boarders.

 

 

 

It is evident that when Jan van Riebeeck interviewed Kratoa who owned the mountainside of Leeukop cascading down to as what is known today as the Bo Kaap, she was referring to a King of various indigenous tribes under the Monarchy of King Chobona around the year 1657.

 

It is evident that Harry die Strandloper” is prominent, it is Autshumato who is also known as “the first post master” who relayed messages and letters between the harbor and the castle.

 

It is evident that a Griqua young man named Adam who is named as such by Adam Tas, was born in the 1700’s. Possibly the great, great grandson of Chobona, in the area of Piketberg and was the house attendant of the governor’s son.

He was eventually given his freedom by the governor and later arrested by the Dutch because “his natural leadership ability and rebellion”, banished to the castle and incarcerated with “solitary confinement”; a dark underground cell (a hole) for days on end to try and break his will and fervor to lead his people. It is alleged that his attributes and talents in the kitchen which must have been honed from a tender age, made him a formidable cook. The Dutch had a system of name and surname, there from allegedly, his second name Kok. He was henceforth name as Adam Kok.

 

It is evident that the British had learn from the mistakes of the Dutch and instead of incarcerating Adam Kok I, they bestowed upon him the staff of rulership, to serve as a Monarch of his people, in a recognized official capacity which helped to restore peace between the British and the indigenous people around the Cape as far as Namibia.

 

It is evident that Adam Kok I was incarcerated, at the castle.

 

It is evident that all the colonial systems had similar methods of “putting down insurrection”, either by hanging, incarceration or banishment. Going farther a field we see that Lord Graham applied the same oppressive system amongst the Gonaqua tribes of the Eastern Cape. The British garrisons of Grahams Town raped the indigenous women and commit large scales genocide. Those that were arrested was shot or decapitated like King Hintsa of the Xhosa and banished to Robben Island like Langalibalele of the Hlubi tribe.

 

It is evident that when the Native Land Act of 1913 was used by our government as a cut off date to apply restitution, we aver that their policy is flawed, because the British had bestowed customary land rights on the Nation Khoisan from 1881 and freedom to the rest of the slaves who came from as far a field as India and Malaysia.

 

It is evident and must follow that the Western Cape was the first to have reflected a Monarchy of good standing amongst its people, as a structure of traditional customary self governance, implemented also in Namibia under the Monarchy of Namaqua, with Kingship of Andries Witbooi. A kraal was close to the sea at Autshokova, today, today known as Port Nolloth. His Eminence, Andries Witbooi, is honoured by the Namibian government on their monetary system.  

 

        

    

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Michael Sass | Reply 17.05.2018 03.33

I am doing research of my Great Great Grandfather Christoph Andreas Sass who was a missionary in Namaqualand from 1811 and moved to Captain Cornelius Kok's Kraa

ABIGAIL VAN KRATENBURG | Reply 17.01.2018 15.36

INTERESTING

Kerry | Reply 31.12.2016 01.57

Good day i see this is a real thing i didnt know i am a decendant of Griguas of the kokstad side.. are there land claims occuring? And how do we go about it??

Adrien Lopez Antonio Evenor | Reply 06.11.2016 17.48

l

Stanley Lottering | Reply 08.10.2016 09.23

GOD is good for granting his blessings for us Griqua and other yellow ethnic groups, as the prophetic plan unfolds as we read in the book of Retha Venter..

Stanley Lottering | Reply 08.10.2016 09.16

Proud Griqua...

jakes fenner | Reply 24.03.2016 23.38

Good to hear the Griquas deffending their rights

Colleen | Reply 13.07.2015 21.38

Griqua also have title deeds issued in perpetual quintrent. The british together with the apartheid gov stole griqua peoples land with brutal force.

Unknown | Reply 13.07.2015 21.30

Griqua were the richest land owners. They still in possesionn off thee first title deedss issued for land ownership here in south africa.k

shaun draai | Reply 10.06.2015 17.54

More info required on Land claims plse. ref: Khoisan Royal House

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Latest comments

20.05 | 15:46

send an email to :griquacommissariate@gmail.com

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17.05 | 03:46

I am researching my Great Great Grandfather Missionary Christoph Andreas Sass who married an Orlam Kaaitjie Engelbrecht in Silver Fountain 1817. Any help please

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17.05 | 03:33

I am doing research of my Great Great Grandfather Christoph Andreas Sass who was a missionary in Namaqualand from 1811 and moved to Captain Cornelius Kok's Kraa

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15.05 | 14:16

Thanks Joe

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