The revival of the Griqua People in the FREE STATE Province
The Griqua people came to Philippolis in 1823 by invitation of Reverent John Philip. At Philippolis, the leadership of Adam Kok II and later Adam Kok III and his council govern
from 1826 - 1862. During this time, Philippolis bloomed with various cultures that include the Griqua culture and way of life. When the Griqua peoples left for ‘No-man’s Land’ due to the Maitland treaty in 1862, this cultural unity and living
history slowly but surely died out until only remnants can be found today in secluded communities within the Province. With the removal of Adam Kok III from Philippolis not all the Griqua people moved with him and they were led by these prominent leaders.
In the year 1833, Kaptyn Adam Kok II gave Jan Kraalshoek a piece of land at Brandewynsfontein (now known as Bethane). Adam Kok III renewed this agreement. It is important to note that the Kraalshoek family was both identified as Koranna and
Griqua. Some alien themselves with the Koranna tribe based on their association with the Koranna Council and other because they could speak the Cora Language.
Benjamin Kraalshoek was a leader in Kimberley during 1864, and then later relocated to Bethany.
Hendrik Kraalshoek I, Titus Witvoet, Maria Hofman and Andries Buffelbout formed the Council. Ben and Maria Kraalshoek were among the Koranna speakers that was founded in Pniel during 1933. Others alien themselves with as Griqua because of their identity card,
like Hendrik ‘Kleinspruit II’ Kraalshoek. He was the Kaptyn in 1933. Hendrik ‘Kleinspruit’ Kraalshoek III was appointed as Kaptyn by Hendrik ‘Kleinspruit’ Kraalshoek II and Andries Kraalshoek
in 1960. Under his supervision, Johannes ‘Doenkie’ Kraalshoek became Kaptyn.
Reigning of the Kaptynship
In 1974 one man, Johannes Kraalshoek key role in the fight for the Land Restitution case against the Evangelic Lutheran Church for Bethane. In 1999, he won the first Land Restitution case in the Province, the Bethane case. The community, which he helped
in this case, was the Griqua -; the Koranna -; the Se-Sotho and the Barolong people.